President Obama signed the Death in Custody Reporting Act (DCRA) of 2013 (P.L. 113-242) into law on December 18, 2014. The Act requires the head of each federal law enforcement agency to report annually to the Attorney General "information regarding the death of any person who is—
The Federal Death in Custody Reporting Program (FDCRP) collects all mandatory reports as defined by the DCRA of 2013 (P.L. 113-242). The Act requires reporting for each fiscal year, beginning with Fiscal Year 2016.
The U.S. Department of Justice has designated the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect all federal law enforcement agency reports as required by the DCRA of 2013 (P.L. 113-242). To collect these reports, BJS is conducting a survey of federal agencies with law enforcement, detention, and/or incarceration functions.
The U.S. Department of Justice has designated the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to collect all federal law enforcement agency reports as required by the DCRA of 2013 (P.L. 113-242). BJS is the principal statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. BJS's primary function is the compilation and analysis of criminal justice data and the dissemination of information for statistical purposes.
If you have questions about the authority to conduct this survey or whether this is a legitimate data collection effort, please contact Sean Goodison, BJS Program Manager, at email@example.com or 202-532-5148.
All federal agencies with law enforcement, detention and/or incarceration functions are required to report to the FDCRP.
Federal law enforcement agencies should report all arrest-related and detention or incarceration deaths that occurred under their jurisdiction in a given fiscal year. A death is arrest-related when the incident causing the death (e.g., gunshot wound, self-inflicted injury) occurred while the decedent's freedom to leave was restricted by the responding federal law enforcement agency, either in the field or in a temporary holding facility. Incarceration or detention deaths are those that occur while the decedent was under your agency's supervision, detained or incarcerated for violation of federal criminal or administrative law, and housed in any facility designed to detain or incarcerate such individuals for longer than 72 hours.
If you are unsure whether a death is reportable to the FDCRP, please contact the FDCRP Helpdesk (1-877-475-7039; firstname.lastname@example.org).
Yes. If your agency has no deaths to report, you need to submit only the FDCRP Annual Summary (CJ-13). Completing this form will take about 5 minutes. The information collected is necessary to calculate a true count of all deaths as defined by the DCRA of 2013. A separate summary form should be submitted for each fiscal year. We are currently collecting data for fiscal year 2022 (October 1, 2021 – September 30, 2022). Every agency should complete one (1) Annual Summary for this time period.
The Homicide Victims’ Families’ Rights Act of 2021 (P.L. 117-164) was passed in August 2022. As part of this new BJS is also collecting preliminary information on cold case homicides. As a result, four questions have been added to the CJ-13 Annual Summary Form to determine how many unsolved homicides a Federal agency has, as well as contact information for the appropriate point of contact for more information about these cases.
In preparation for data collection related to this Act, the CJ-13 Annual Summary Form for FY2022 will ask:
A death is arrest-related when the incident causing the death (e.g., gunshot wound, self-inflicted injury) occurred while the decedent's freedom to leave was restricted by the responding federal law enforcement agency, either in the field or in a temporary holding facility. Arrest-related deaths include any death that occurred:
The DCRA defines a detention or incarceration death as "the death of any person who is en route to be incarcerated or detained, or is incarcerated or detained at— (A) any facility (including any immigration or juvenile facility) pursuant to a contract with such Federal law enforcement agency; (B) any State or local government facility used by such Federal law enforcement agency; or (C) any Federal correctional facility or Federal pretrial detention facility located within the United States." Detention or incarceration deaths include any death of persons:
Detention or incarceration deaths occur in facilities designed to hold individuals for more than 72 hours. Arrest-related deaths occur in the field or in temporary holding facilities or staging areas. If the incident causing the death occurred prior to incarceration (e.g., death due to ingestion of an illicit substance), but the actual death occurred while the decedent was confined in a facility designed to hold individuals for more than 72 hours, the death is considered to be detention or incarceration. When in doubt, consider where the actual death occurred to determine whether it is arrest-related or a detention/ incarceration death.
CJ-13: FDCRP Annual Summary - Requests federal law enforcement agencies to indicate whether they have authority to arrest, detain, or incarcerate individuals or employ officers who are authorized to carry firearms, whether any arrest, detention, or incarceration deaths occurred in their jurisdiction in a given fiscal year, and if so, how many.
CJ-13A: Arrest-Related Death Incident Report- For each identified arrest related-death, federal law enforcement agencies provide information on decedent characteristics and circumstances surrounding the death.
CJ-13B: Detention/Incarceration Death Incident Report- For each identified detention or incarceration death, federal law enforcement agencies provide information on decedent characteristics and circumstances surrounding the death.
Data may be entered directly into the online forms, which are available through the FDCRP website, www.doj-dcra.org.
All access to the reporting section of the FDCRP website requires a secure login and password. Each federal law enforcement agency will receive instructions to log into the system. If you are having difficulty accessing the system or have not received your login information, please call the FDCRP Helpdesk at (877) 475-7039 or send an e-mail to email@example.com.
The CJ-13 form must be completed online at the FDCRP website (www.doj-dcra.org). The CJ-13A and CJ-13B forms may be downloaded in hard copy format from the website and submitted via mail or password-protected/encrypted email. If you have any questions about how to submit the forms securely, please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please mail your completed forms to:
c/o Erin Kennedy, Federal Death in Custody Reporting Program (FDCRP)
3040 Cornwallis Road, P.O. Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194
If you prefer to scan your paper forms and send them via e-mail, you may send the images in a password-protected/encrypted email to email@example.com. Please note that because of the large size of these messages, this is the least preferred mode of submission.
RTI International is a nonprofit research institute that works as the data collection agent for the FDCRP. RTI has been supporting BJS's efforts to collect arrest-related and detention or incarceration deaths from state and local law enforcement agencies since 2009. For more information about RTI, visit http://www.rti.org.